Plant this Fall for Success in the Spring

Plant this Fall for Success in the Spring

Fall is the perfect time to plant perennials, shrubs and trees. While many mistakenly think the upcoming winter will be too harsh on a new plant, it actually provides the plant time to develop a strong root system – which is the most important thing for any new plant.

The soil here in Indiana will stay warm enough into the early winter to provide ample conditions for your plant to grow and the benefits of the fall rain help the roots spread out.  Giving your plant time to establish a healthy root system before the hot, dry conditions of the summer make fall planting the ideal time for your shrubs, perennials and trees.

When planting, many of the same tips we brought to you last fall in our blog “5 Tips to Buying and Planting a Tree in Indiana this Fall,” will apply to your shrubs and perennials.  Be sure not to dig your hole too deep, but provide enough space for the roots to spread out by digging the hole typically two-times as wide as the root ball.  Be careful not to over-water and you might consider root stimulator and plant starter.  Stop in and let one of our expert staff help you pick the right plant for your home as well as the best solutions for keeping your new plant healthy.

Air Plants

Air Plants

Tillandsia, commonly referred to as air plants, is the largest genus in the bromeliad family. They are found from jungle to rain forest to arid desert environments and from sea level to high mountain regions.  Air plants are a hot trend right now for people who want a plant to enjoy in their indoor space, or office – and they also make great gifts. Not only are the plants themselves unusual and interesting, but you can use your imagination to mount these plants creatively, or place in a container.

Air plants can be found naturally in many different regions and climates, but they also make a great indoor plant because they grow without soil and do not require a lot of maintenance. However, while these are generally low-maintenance plants, there are certain rules to follow in order for your air plant to survive.

Tip 1: Ensuring your air plant receives adequate watering is the number one priority. When you notice the plant’s foliage begins to curl, it’s time to water. Typically, you’ll need to water your air plant once or twice a week which means submerging the plant in a bowl of water for a up to 15 minutes – the plant will only absorb the water it needs to survive. After watering, gently shake the plant to remove excess water and avoid rotting. *Pro tip: avoid using softened water due to the high salt level; instead use collected rain water or bottled water. Do not mist air plants as it does not provide enough moisture for the plant to survive and can actually kill the plant if water collects where the leaves emerge.

Tip 2: These plants also require a good amount of filtered sunlight, so place them near an east-, south-, or west-facing window. And while they can withstand near freezing temperatures, they prefer temperatures in the 70’s F. While many gardeners like to place these plants in a bathroom to take advantage of the humidity, it is more important that the plants get the appropriate amount of sunlight on a regular basis.

Tip 3: You can also fertilize air plants using a good liquid or water-soluble fertilizer for epiphytes, bromeliads or specifically for air plants. The fertilizers are rich in nitrogen and deliver it in a form that can be absorbed by the plant. Avoid fertilizers that have high amounts of copper, as it is toxic to bromeliads and only use the directed amount as too much fertilizer can burn air plants. Fertilization is not absolutely necessary for survival, but will increase growth and vigor of your plants and their blooms.

Tip 4: The possibilities of mounting medias for your air plants are nearly endless. Some suggestions that tend to work well are grapewood, driftwood, tree limbs, Manzanita burl, cork, clay pottery, rock or stones of any kind. Make sure the media you select does not hold water. If your media does hold water, you may be able to drill a hole through the bottom, but make sure you go all the way through and provide proper drainage. There are several different adhesives that can be used to secure your plant to the media such as Liquid Nails, low temp hot glue or E6000 glue. We recommend E6000 because it is colorless, extremely strong, water-proof and, most importantly, non-toxic to plants.

It’s Japanese Beetles Season

Japanese BeetleHave you noticed the browning of leaves with a “lacey” appearance on your plants? If so, beetles have been munching on your plants.  They can just nibble on a few leaves or defoliate an entire tree. Fortunately, we have a few suggested methods of treatment:

  1. If you are comfortable touching them, pick them off and place in a plastic sack. Tie up the sacks and dispose.
  2. If you aren’t comfortable picking them off by hand or there are too many to pick by hand, spraying is good option. We carry many great products and the right one depends on the plant you’re treating. Here are a few of the recommended products: Hi-Yield 38 Plus, Ferti-lome Triple Action Plus, Natural Guard Insecticides, Bionide Japanese Beetle Killer. You will need to re-apply treatment after rain or watering plants. Pro Tip: If you want to keep the area around your plants looking clean, you may want to place a tarp or something to cover the ground underneath your plants in order to catch the beetles after they are eliminated by the spray.  
  3. If you have a large area that is being affected, the best option is to trap them; however, make sure you place the trap far away from your plants and preferably downwind of the plants. The traps come with a floral lure and a pheromone lure, which the beetles will pick up on before they get to your plants. It’s also recommend that you place the trap only a couple days per week.

If you have questions about Japanese Beetles or any other type of harmful insect, stop in and talk with one of our expert customer service staff. We can help you identify the problem and help you determine the best solution to keep your plants and lawn looking beautiful.

Apple Pie Recipe

There’s nothing that says summer better than a good apple pie and since apple trees are on sale this week, we’d thought we’d share the Frazee Family recipe with you.

What you need:

  • 1 package of pie crust mix
  • 1/3 cup cold water
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 5 cups thinly sliced peeled apples (3 large)
  • 1 tablespoon butter or margarine
  • milk
  • additional sugar

Steps:

  1. Heat oven to 425° Make pie crust mix as directed for 9” two-crust pie, using 1/3 cup cold water; trim overhanging edge of bottom pastry 1” from rim of plate.
  2. Stir together 1/2 cup sugar, flour, cinnamon and nutmeg in large bowl. Add apples and toss. Spoon pastry-lined pie plate and dot with butter.
  3. Roll remaining pastry; cut into 10 strips, each about 1/2” wide. Place 5 strips across filling in pie plate. Weave cross-strip through by first folding back every other strip of the first 5 strips. Continue weaving, folding back alternate strips before adding each cross-strip, until lattice is complete. Trim ends. Fold trimmed edge of bottom crust ends of strips, building up a high edge, seal and flute. Brush lightly with milk and sprinkle lightly with additional sugar.
  4. Bake 30 to 35 minutes or until crust is golden brown and juice is bubbly.

Pollinator Gardens

by Suzy Freeman

I am often surprised by how frequently a customer asks me to show them plants to will attract butterflies, but doesn’t want them to attract bees. Any insect that comes with a barbed stinger on its backside, usually isn’t the first invited guest to a picnic. I suspect most folks are concerned that they, or someone in their household, might get stung. Being stung is certainly unpleasant and somewhat painful,  but did you know that when a honey bee stings anything, the action literally tears its body apart, and the bee dies? I’m sure they would prefer NOT stinging on any day. Bees ONLY sting when they feel threatened. Walking around and enjoying one’s flowers is not considered a threat to the bee. On the contrary, swatting at or sudden aggressive movements near a bee may cause it to give you a “warning” by jabbing at you with its body in flight (without actually stinging – honeybees), or by “buzzing” loudly around you (without stinging – bumble bees). By the way, male bumble bees don’t even have a stinger!

This blogger thinks that bees have been given a bad rap. Bees have so many beneficial traits! Did you know they pollinate about 30% of the human food supply? Foods that include such basics as tomatoes, squash, cucumbers, fruit trees, nut trees, and even fiber like cotton, and much more! Without their pollination, many of these foods would eventually just die out. Without bees, we would have very poor quality of coffee, cocoa, cabbage, onions, tomatoes and peppers. Lemons, pears, and cashews, seeds and clover, alfalfa grown to feed livestock depend heavily on bee pollination. AND, what kind of world would it be if we didn’t have honey for our morning toast?

Bees in the hive are a remarkably social organism, where every bee has her own task. Honey bees are also quite docile, and when approached slowly, one can observe them without ever wearing a bee suit. Did you know that beekeepers find it relaxing to observe their bees at the hive? Thank heavens for those guys, right?

Bees are one of the most valuable pollinators in the insect kingdom and if you wish to attract butterflies only ­– planting lovely specimens to bring them into your environment ­– you should accept that bees will come too.  Bees will take your pollinator garden as a great place for a “free lunch.” Your pollinator garden supports the survival of bees. Just remember that there is a way to “be around bees:” 1. No sudden movements; 2. Give them a little space when they are collecting nectar; and 3.  No swatting!

Here are some plants guaranteed to attract multiple pollinators to your garden:

  • Anise hyssop
  • Bee balm (monarda)
  • Butterfly weed
  • Butterfly bush
  • Coreopsis
  • Coneflower
  • Salvia
  • Asters
  • Veronica
  • Lavender
  • Marjoram
  • Basil
  • Rue
  • Sage

There are hundreds more options from which you can choose. For a look at a small pollinator garden, check out the demonstration tables in our Perennial section or stop in and ask for Suzy ­– I’d love to help you! And remember, Frazee Gardens has everything you need to get your pollinator garden started including soil, root stimulator, plants, pots, gloves, and shovels!

Suzy Freeman is a long-time gardener and home beekeeper for 6 years. She has been helping customers create beautiful homes for 3 years. Her favorite plants to attract pollinators are hyssop (agastache) and coneflowers (echinacea).

 

Suzy Freeman is a long-time gardener and home beekeeper for 6 years. She has been helping customers create beautiful homes for 3 years. Her favorite plants to attract pollinators are hyssop (agastache) and coneflowers (echinacea).

 

National Pollinator Week


The bees are enjoying the perennials at Frazee Gardens during National Pollinator Week!

Earlier this year, the announcement that the North American bumble bee had been added to the endangered species list was a wake-up call for many Americans. Bees and other pollinators play a critical role in our ecosystem. So, in honor of National Pollinator Week (June 19 – 25, 2017), we’d like to share a few fun facts about pollinators:

  • Pollination is a vital stage in the life cycle of all flowering plants in which pollen is moved within a flower, or carried from one flower to another of the same species, which leads to fertilization. This process is necessary to ensure healthy and productive plants within a native ecosystem.
  • Most pollinators are beneficial insects such as flies, beetles, wasps, ants, butterflies, moths and bees.
  • About 75% of all flowering plant species need the help of animals to move their heavy pollen grains from plant to plant for fertilization.
  • In the U.S., pollination produces nearly $20 billion worth of products each year.
  • Frazee Gardens carries many native pollinators that you can plant and grow right here in central Indiana to help make a positive impact on pollinator health and habitats. Stop in and ask our expert staff about some of our perennials that are great for pollinators.

Resources online about Pollinators:
Indiana State Department of Agriculture
Pollinator Partnership

>>Check out our Weekend Sale for a great deal on Perennials, which are great for pollinators, and much more!

5 Tips to Buying and Planting a Tree in Indiana this Fall

Contrary to what you might think, the benefits of planting a tree in the Fall outweigh those of planting in the Spring. While you’re not going to see any growth during winter months, planting a tree in the Fall allows the root system to establish before going dormant in the winter. Trees also use energy trying to survive the dry Summer months and blooming in the Spring which leaves the Fall time as the most relaxed season for trees to establish new residency.

HERE ARE 5 TIPS FOR BUYING AND PLANTING A TREE IN INDIANA THIS FALL:

  1. Pick the right tree. Red Maples and Tulip trees do great in Indiana. If you’re looking for an evergreen tree, you can’t go wrong with a spruce; however, be sure to pick the right spruce for the amount of available space. Colorado Blue and Norway Spruce are fine selections as long as there is thirty feet available for them to grow to mature size. Black Hills and Fat Albert are able to grow in tighter areas with mature widths of twelve to twenty feet. You might consider a Hemlock if the area is more shaded.
  2. Pick the right size. Make sure to look up when you decide on a location to make sure the tree won’t eventually grow into anything (power line, over hanging deck…etc). Think about how tall you want the tree within the first few years and be sure to have realistic expectations about your tree’s growth during this time. You may have heard the saying “the first year they sleep, the second year they creep, and the third year they leap,” this is important to remember while selecting the right tree for your home. If you want to enjoy a certain height within the first couple of years, it would be wise to invest in a more mature tree now, instead of hoping it will grow quickly.
  3. Planting. The most common mistake made when planting a tree is planting it too deep in the soil. An easy way to determine proper depth for tree installation is to take the butt end of a shovel and hold it next to the root ball guiding your hand until it reaches the top of the root ball. Then, place another shovel across the hole and place the shovel marked by your hand into the hole. Your hand should be real close to the shovel that is laid across the hole. A little shallow is much more acceptable than too deep. Before you plant, be sure to do some research on the type of tree and its size to help ensure you plant at the proper depth. Before filling the hole back in, stand back and check to see that the tree is straight.
  4. Watering—don’t overdo it. One of the benefits of planting in the Fall is that you take advantage of what the cooler, wetter months provide naturally – so be careful not to over-water your tree. When the first frost hits, you can put the garden hose away until the ground thaws in the spring.
  5. Low maintenance vs. pro maintenance. While the maintenance of the tree is fairly low once it is in the ground, there are some things to consider before the average DIY warrior decides to tackle planting a tree. How much time do you want to invest in the project? What are you going to do with the excess dirt after digging the hole? How do you properly stake the tree? What is the proper way to prune? How much are you willing to risk on your investment by doing it yourself? Like many things around your home, there are some things best left to the professionals. At Brownsburg Landscape, we have professionally trained staff who take pride in planting trees and enjoy helping you beautify your home.

Dan Bonner is the Sales and Customer Service Representative with Brownsburg Landscape. Dan has been helping Brownsburg Landscape customers beautify their homes for over 19 years. Give Dan a call today at 317-852-8440 to talk about your next landscaping project.

Quick Tip: Time To Fertilize

An Indiana summer can bring a variety of weather any given week. We can go from mild and rainy to hot and dry virtually overnight, which can make it challenging to keep your flowers in tip-top shape.

The best thing you can do for your flowers is to help them develop a hearty root system. Using a good fertilizer every 7-14 days is a good rule of thumb and is going to help your roots grow stronger and yield greener leaves, more flowers, larger blooms, etc.

Here in Indiana, we have found that ferti-lome® Blooming and Rooting Soluble Plant Food 9-58-8 works really well for flowering shrubs, trees, roses, orchids — really all blooming and fruit bearing plants. This is a tried-and-true product we carry at Frazee Gardens and use on our flowers, plants, shrubs, veggies and fruits on a regular basis.

Along with fertilizing, another great reminder is to give your flowers and plants a “hair cut” from time to time. As your plant continues to grow, it is sending all its nutrients to the flowers at the end of the vine, and the rest of the plant has a hard time keeping up and staying healthy. By cutting back, you are allowing the rest of the plant to catch up and it will flush back out fuller and healthier than before.

We hope these tips and reminders will help you keep your plants and flowers looking their best.

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